Autoimmunity - an Introduction
Autoimmune Diseases I
In multiple sclerosis, nerve cells and their sheathing are massively damaged and then destroyed by attacking self-destructive T cells. This results in neurological deficits like impaired vision, paraesthesia, spastic tonicity and paralysis.
In type 1 diabetes, the body forms antibodies against the insulin-producing islet cells in the pancreas, and in vasculitis; an autoimmune process is responsible for a life-threatening inflammation of the blood vessel walls.