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Reactions of Aromatic Compounds - Ar-SE - Basics and Theory

Exercises: Inductive and Mesomeric Effects of Selected Substituents

Exercise

Which type of effect does every substituent have?

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A mesomeric effect.

An inductive effect.

An inductive and a mesomeric effect.

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Exercise

Substituents in electrophilic aromatic substitution may be ordered according to which qualities.

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According to their activity or inactivity, respectively.

Substituents in electrophilic aromatic substitution cannot be ordered according to any quality.

According to their activating and deactivating qualities.

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Exercise

The precise activating and deactivating order of the substituents also depends on the electrophile applied. Due to strong electrostatic repulsion, the NH3+ group, for instance, is ...

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... particularly activating, when the electrophile is an anion, too.

... particularly deactivating, when the electrophile is a cation, too.

... particularly deactivating, when the electrophile is an anion, too

... particularly activating, when the electrophile is a cation, too.

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