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Reduction Reactions

This page lists the learning units from the topic "Reduction Reactions" in a reasonable order with regard to contents.

Reduction Reactions

Introduction to Oxidation and Reduction Level 120 min.

This learning unit gives an introduction to oxidation and reduction reactions in organic chemistry. The determination of oxidation numbers of organic compounds is shown. More specific learning units can be accessed from overview pages. 

Reduction of Aldehydes and Ketones to Alcohols Level 220 min.

This learning unit shows various methods to reduce aldehydes and ketones to alcohols. The applications of this reaction in the laboratory and in industry are explained. 

Reduction of Esters via Aldehydes to Alcohols Level 220 min.

This learning unit shows several methods to reduce esters to alcohols. The mechanism and applications in both laboratory and industry are explained. 

Reduction of Amides to Amines Level 220 min.

This learning unit describes the reduction of amides to amines. The mechanism and applications of this reaction are introduced. 

Rosenmund Reaction Level 220 min.

This learning unit gives a short insight into the Rosenmund reaction. 

Reduction of Carbonyl Groups to Methylene Groups Level 220 min.

This learning unit describes the reduction of carbonyl groups to methylene groups using the Clemmensen reduction and the Wolff-Kishner reduction. 

Meerwein-Ponndorf-Verley Reduction Level 220 min.

This learning unit gives an introduction to the Meerwein-Ponndorf-Verley reduction, which can be used to reduce aldehydes and ketones to the corresponding alcohols. 

Cannizzaro Reaction Level 220 min.

This learning unit introduces the disproportionation of aldehydes known as the Cannizzaro reaction. The crossed Cannizzaro reaction and the industrial applications of this reaction are also explained. 

Reduction of Nitriles to Amines Level 220 min.

This learning unit introduces methods to reduce nitriles to amines using lithium aluminium hydride or diisobutyl aluminium hydride. The differences of the two mechanisms are pointed out, as well as the applications of this reaction in industry. 

Reduction of Nitro Compounds to Amines Level 220 min.

This learning unit introduces the reduction of nitro compounds to amines. The mechanism, applications and industrial relevance of this reaction are explained. 

Reduction of Nitro Groups to Nitroso Groups Level 220 min.

This learning unit gives a short insight into the reduction of nitro groups to nitroso groups. 

Reduction of Sulfoxides and Sulfones to Sulfides Level 220 min.

This learning unit explains the indirect method to reduce sulfones to sulfoxides. The reduction can be carried on to the corresponding sulfide. The practical setup is shown using an example. 

Comparison of Various Hydrogenation Methods Level 220 min.

This learning unit summarizes various hydrogenation methods and reducing agents in tables. 

Hydrogenation of Alkenes with Metal Catalysts Level 220 min.

This learning unit describes the hydrogenation of alkenes with metal catalysts. The mechanism, stereochemistry and chemoselectivity are explained using animations. 

Hydrogenation of Alkynes with the Lindlar catalyst Level 220 min.

This learning unit describes the hydrogenation of alkynes using the Lindlar catalyst. The catalyst itself and the stereochemistry of this reaction are explained. 

Hydrogenation of Aromatic Compounds Level 220 min.

This learning unit describes the catalytic hydrogenation of aromatic compounds. The mechanism, stereochemistry, selectivity and industrial applications are explained using various examples. 

Hydrogenation with Diimide Level 220 min.

This learning unit describes the hydrogenation using the hydrogen donor diimide. The mechanism and practical setup of this reduction are explained. 

Catalytic Cleavage of Benzyl Ethers Level 220 min.

This learning unit describes the catalytic cleavage of benzyl ethers. This reaction is used in the synthesis of natural products.