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Vladimir VernadskyZoomA-Z


12. März 1863 in St. Petersburg
06. Januar 1945 in Moscow

A Russian mineralogist and geochemist who first popularised the concept of the noosphere and deepened the idea biosphere to the meaning largely recognized by today's scientific community. The word biosphere was invented by Austrian geologist Eduard Suess (1831-1914), whom Vernadsky had met in 1911.

Studying the chemical composition of minerals, Vernadsky became interested in the distribution of individual chemical elements in the Earth's crust, hydrosphere, and atmosphere, i.e. in the knowledge field, which was as early as in 1842 named geochemistry by the Swiss scientist Christian Schonbein. Vernadsky published many papers on geochemistry of various elements, and his main work La Geochimie was published in French in 1924 in Paris. In this book the geochemistry of carbon, as a constant component of all organic compounds, is described in the utmost detail. The final chapter of the book deals with the geochemistry of radioactive compounds.

Another important publication was The Biosphere, published in Russian 1926 (English translation 1998)


1863Geboren am 12. März in St. Petersburg
He graduated from Physics and Mathematics Department of the Petersburg University in 1885 and after that during two years enlarged his education in the Universities of the Western Europe.
Russian Scientist
From 1890 to 1911 he taught mineralogy and crystallography in the University of Moscow.
1945Gestorben am 06. Januar in Moscow