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Subject - Organic Chemistry

Racemization, the transformation of an optically active substance into the corresponding racemate, was studied by Louis Pasteur. Racemizations, mostly undesired, often occur in organic-chemical reactions when for a short time under the influence of bases and acids symmetrical molecules are formed, e.g. when a planar cation (carbenium ion) is formed which allows the approach of substituents from both sides. Both antipodes can be formed in equal amounts.

See also: racemate

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