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Subject - Organic Chemistry
Phenols are hydroxybenzenes, i.e. compounds in which a hydroxy group is bonded to a benzene ring. The simplest representative is phenol which gives this group of compounds its name. Phenols are mildly acidic, but electron-withdrawing substituents on the benzene ring increase the acidity to medium. The salts of phenols are called phenolates.
Recommended Learning Units
ChemistryOrganic ChemistryOxidation Reactions
This learning unit explains the mechanism of the oxidation of phenols to benzoquinones. Various applications of this redox system are shown.