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Subject - Inorganic Chemistry, Organic Chemistry
Saline peroxides contain -anions. The most important are the peroxides of the alkali and alkaline earth metals. (Examples: , ). These compounds tend to explode by contact with organic materials. With water they decompose generating hydrogen peroxide .
In peroxo complexes, acts as a ligand. These are dioxometal cyclic compounds, i.e. three-membered rings containing two oxygen and one metal atom as well as multicycle complexes bridged by --.
Covalently bound peroxides have the general formula and easily decompose into radicals. Aqueous solutions of hydrogen peroxide are being used as bleaching or oxidizing agent. is a key factor in ozone depletion of stratospheric ice clouds (ozone hole process). Organic peroxides, such as di-tert-butylperoxide and dibenzoylperoxide are used as in radical polymerizations. Peroxides are unwanted by-poducts during the autoxidation of organic compounds.