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Subject - Organic Chemistry, Toxicology
In general, fungicides (from Latin fungus, fungus, and caedere, to kill) are compounds exhibiting fungi-killing properties that are used to fight fungal infections.
Fungicides are applied in medicine against fungal diseases as well as in agriculture to fight fungal infestations in crops. Frequently, drugs used in medicine are named antimycotics (from Greek anti, against, and mykes, fungus), while the term fungicide is limited to the use in non-medical areas, e.g. in agriculture and food technologies.
Chemically, fungicides can be classified based on their constitution as inorganic (e.g. colloidal sulfur, calcium polysulfide), organometallic (e.g. zinc dithiocarbamates) and organochemical compounds. Most of the compounds belong to the latter class.
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