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Subject - Organic Chemistry

Esterification of an alcohol with an acid creates an ester bond. This is an equilibrium equation regulated by the law of mass action. The most important method of esterification is the acid-catalyzed reaction of alcohols with carboxylic acids. To prevent a back reaction, the generated water has to be removed from the reaction mixture, for example by azeotropic distillation.

Fig.1
Acid-catalyzed reaction of alcohols