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Subject - General Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry

Carbon is a chemical element. Its name is derived from the Latin carbo, "coal". The combination of medium electronegativity and size of atom is the reason that carbon forms strong bonds with each other and thereby forming long and eventually branched chains or rings which might contain multiple bonds. This property opens up a multitude of possible combinations and explains the vast number of organic compounds. Chemical symbol C, nonmetal element, atomic number 6, standard atomic weight 12.0115, natural isotopes:C12 (98.90%) and C13 (1.10%). In 1962, the nuclide C12 with the atomic weight of 12.00000 was declared the standard for the determination of atomic weights.

See also: diamond , graphite , fullerene

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