alcoholZoomA-Z

Subject - Organic Chemistry

Alcohols are hydroxy derivatives of aliphatic or alicyclic hydrocarbons. hydrogen carbons are counted as alcohols if the OH group (hydroxy group) is attached to a side chain of the aromatic compound.

Fig.1

Depending on the substitution of the carbon atom adjacent to the OH group, the alcohol is called primary, secondary or tertiary if that C atom contains one, two or three radicals, respectively. Monovalent alcohols contain one OH group per molecule while multivalent alcohols contain several OH groups in the molecule.

Informally, the term alcohol is used for ethanol $C2H5-OH$.

Recommended Learning Units

Oxidation of Alcohols20 min.

ChemistryOrganic ChemistryOxidation Reactions

This learning unit introduces various methods to oxidize alcohols, as well as several suitable oxidizing agents. Furthermore, the biological impact is explained.

Reduction of Esters via Aldehydes to Alcohols20 min.

ChemistryOrganic ChemistryReduction Reactions

This learning unit shows several methods to reduce esters to alcohols. The mechanism and applications in both laboratory and industry are explained.

Reduction of Aldehydes and Ketones to Alcohols20 min.

ChemistryOrganic ChemistryReduction Reactions

This learning unit shows various methods to reduce aldehydes and ketones to alcohols. The applications of this reaction in the laboratory and in industry are explained.